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Breast Implant Removal

Breast implant removal (“explant”) surgery removes the breast implants or revises the shape and size of them. Some common reasons women choose to have their breast implants removed include:

    • Personal choice: Some women may feel their breast implants are the wrong shape or size. Over time they may have moved into the wrong position because of weight loss, weight gain or pregnancies. Simply removing the implants and doing a lift or exchanging the implants is a relatively easy and common procedure.
    • Implant complications: Breast implant complications include implant rupture, folding or deflation (if the breast implant is filled with saline).
    • Other complications: Capsular contracture, tension bands asymmetry, displacement, infection and leakage of silicone. The newer terms now used of Breast Implant Illness (BII) and Breast Implant Associated-Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) are currently under investigation by the FDA. A timely and proper explant (removal) of breast implants and the capsule tissue that grows around the breast implant is considered an important step to recovering from both BIA-ALCL and BII.Women who identify with Breast Implant Illness (BII) may notice a reduction or clearing of some symptoms, but there is no guarantee of improvement because the cause of the illness may or may not be truly attributed to the implants. There are no rigid criteria to define BII, other than that the patient believes that the implants are causing her to be ill. If that is so, we do not try to convince our patients otherwise.

To learn more about breast explant surgery at Fox Valley Plastic Surgery, request a consultation using our online form or contact us at (920) 233-1540. Depending on your circumstances, the non-refundable consultation fee can range from $150 to $500. Some breast implant removal consultations may be covered by insurance. Our surgeons have performed many explant surgeries for our patients from all over Wisconsin, Michigan, and Illinois, and can help you determine the best course of action.

Breast Implant Safety

Allergan logoThe FDA is looking at the safety of breast implants, and in July 2019 requested that Allergan recall specific types of textured implants. The agency’s longstanding position is that implants are essentially safe as long as women understand they can have complications, including scarring, pain, swelling and implant rupture. However, the FDA is investigating a recently confirmed link to a rare cancer and unconfirmed complaints of other health problems. The FDA finds it impossible to determine how frequently the cancer occurs because the U.S. does not track the total number of implants on the market. Estimates of the frequency of the disease range from 1 in 3,000 women to 1 in 30,000. Although we have tested several  patients for BIA-ALCL, we have not yet had a case of this disease.

In August 2019 Allergan sent letters to patients of the recalled products. Allergan’s records are limited to the patients providing a valid address as part of device tracking. Patients who had elected to ‘opt-out’ of device tracking as well as those with textured saline breast implants and tissue expanders have access to the same information through the Allergan website. For more information please contact Allergan Medical Information at 1-800-678-1605, option #2 or email [email protected].

Questions? Request a Consultation.Most confirmed cases of the disease, known as breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL), have involved a particular style of implants with a textured surface, designed to reduce scar tissue and slippage. The type of texturing used by Allergan is more commonly associated with this problem. The disease is not breast cancer, but a form of cancer that attacks the immune system and usually forms in the capsular tissue surrounding implants. It grows slowly and can be successfully treated by surgically removing the implants with the body’s self-created capsule. More research and studies need to be conducted, but right now, the FDA is not recommending removal of implants unless there are adverse symptoms. It would appear that all BIA-ALCL patients present first with hyperinflation or a large fluid accumulation around the breast. Sampling the fluid with ultrasound guidance in our office and testing the fluid establishes the diagnosis.

  • If there are no symptoms of Breast Implant Associated-Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL), the FDA is not recommending removal of the implants. However, if the patient knows that she has TEXTURED Allergan implants, we believe that she should schedule an appointment with her surgeon for more guidance. This is not an urgent appointment unless there are symptoms of the illness. Allergan has issued a Biocell Replacement Warranty in response to the recall.
  • If our patient is unsure of her type of implant, she should call our office to check. Please allow the office up to 5 business days to retrieve this information.
  • If the patient had her implants placed elsewhere, we need the medical records from the original surgeon. Upon record review, we will determine if we can see the patient.

Terminology for Breast Implant Removal (Explantation)

      • Implant – The actual silicone or saline breast implant.
      • Explant – The act of removing a breast implant.
      • Capsule – The tissue envelope the body forms around the implant. It did not exist before the implant. The body forms a capsule around any foreign object in the tissue. It does not know if the foreign object is good or bad, so it walls it off from the body. The capsule will actually be absorbed by the body if the implant is removed, as long as there is not a silicone foreign body in the capsule. An ultrasound can diagnose that, if present.
      • Capsular Contracture – The thickening, tightening, or calcification of the capsule. When you have a “hard implant” the implant is not hard. It refers to the capsule. Capsular contracture is thought to be caused by subclinical infection (Biofilm) around the implant.
      • Capsulectomy – The act of removing the capsule around the implant. It is usually done for either capsular contracture or permanent removal of the implant. It does not necessarily mean all capsule tissue is removed, as a capsulectomy can be partial or complete/total. TOTAL Capsulectomy is removal of the entire capsule.
      • En Bloc Removal – The capsule and the implant are removed in one piece with the implant still within the wall of the capsule. The surgeon needs to minimize any silicone leakage or other problems during the surgery, which make this a more complicated procedure than placing implants. It requires a larger incision, which means a larger scar. Patients who had an axillary approach or periareolar approach for breast implant placement, cannot have the procedure done through those incisions.The surgeon may not know if an en bloc procedure is truly possible until the actual surgery occurs. Sometimes a portion of the capsule is disturbed to avoid significant damage to the muscle, rib or lung. If the scar tissue capsule is very thin or tightly attached to the chest wall, en bloc removal may be attempted, but there is always a possibility of breaking into the capsule, especially along the ribs.Capsulectomy
        In the above case, Dr. Janssen was successful in removing the entire capsule intact (en bloc capsulectomy) for the left hyperinflated implant. On the right implant, en bloc was attempted, but not possible, where you can see a hole in the capsule. The posterior wall along with some muscle fibers was removed with the complete capsule in a tedious and meticulous 2 hour dissection (total capsulectomy) for that implant. This patient did not have BIA-ALCL.Textured implants were created for the dual purpose of stabilizing the implant in the breast pocket and reducing capsular contracture. However, they are the most confirmed with causing BIA-ALCL, a cancer of the immune system that in most cases develops in the capsules and creates fluid near the implant. En bloc removal of textured implants is the best way to keep the cancerous cells secured in the capsule as a sac until they are explanted out of the body, as a whole. According to the FDA, BIA-ALCL may develop in 1 in between 3,817 to 30,000 women with textured breast implants.

        Patients, who have textured implants removed, may request pathology to do the CD30 test for BIA-ALCL. In 25 years of practice, we have never seen a case of this disease. The En Bloc technique is best used when an implant is ruptured and we are trying to remove the capsule, implant, and tissue that contains silicone in one piece, i.e. “En Bloc”.

      • Total Capsulectomy – En bloc removal is also sometimes referred to as a total capsulectomy, but they are not exactly the same. A total capsulectomy is not always performed using the specific en bloc technique. A total capsulectomy is the removal of the breast implants and all the scar tissue, or capsule, that forms around a breast implant. However, during a total capsulectomy, the implant is not necessarily removed while still inside the intact scar capsule (en bloc method).Many surgeons use the term total capsulectomy to mean that they will cut the scar tissue capsule, remove the implants first, and then go back and remove all the scar tissue capsule. A complete capsulectomy with the implant out can be performed through a smaller incision than a capsulectomy with the implant in. The right operation depends on the patients needs and desires. If you want an en bloc capsulectomy, make this clear to the doctor because it is not normally performed unless needed or asked.

        The Aesthetic Surgery Journal published a study in December 2021 with the following conclusion:
        “The type of capsulectomy; intact total, total, or partial all showed similar symptom improvement with no statistical difference in the reduction of symptoms based on the type of capsulectomy.”

        To read the study, please click here.

      Types of Breast Implant Removal Procedures

      The most common breast implant removal surgery techniques include:

      • Breast Implant Removal with Capsulectomy – Incisions will be made at the same place where the breast implant surgery was originally performed. A capsulectomy can be partial, total or en bloc. An en bloc capsulectomy, which removes both implant and capsule simultaneously, is the most difficult, time consuming, and most expensive option. Not all implants can be removed en bloc.
      • Breast Implant Removal with Breast Lift – A breast lift may be performed at the same time as the breast implant removal if the breast skin has been stretched or sagged. Excess breast skin is removed to tighten the breast tissue to provide better support. In some cases, the areolae may be resized to better fit the new shape of the breasts.
      • Breast Implant Removal alone and/or replacement with new implants
      • Implant Deflation – Saline breast implants can be deflated without undergoing surgery. Depending on the results of this, further surgery such as a breast lift, breast implant removal, or breast implant replacement surgery, may be needed.

      Discuss your breast explant options with the experienced surgeons of Fox Valley Plastic Surgery. Contact Fox Valley Plastic Surgery today at (920) 233-1540 to schedule a consultation.


      Round implantsUnlike other surgeries, it is very difficult to give an estimate for implant removal or replacement because of the many options available. En bloc removal itself can cost up to $13,000, but cases vary considerably. Please call 920-233-1540 for a personal consultation. The non-refundable $150-$500 consultation fee can be applied towards the cost of the procedure.

      Newer breast implants usually have a warranty of 10 years, but the coverage may be solely related to ruptures or capsular contractures. If the implant manufacturer is unknown, contact the implanting surgeon and request an operative report. The coverage is only for the implant itself, and does not cover any of the fees associated with the surgery such as the surgeon’s fee, facility fee, anesthesia fees, pathology, etc.

      Insurance companies cover services that they determine to be “medically necessary” to treat a disease or illness. Although you or your doctor may believe a service is medically necessary, insurance companies do not always agree. Insurance companies generally do not cover the cost of breast implant removal for autoimmune or connective tissue diseases or other systemic complications.

      Obtain a copy of the insurance policy and review it to see if they are likely to pay for the removal. Call your insurance company. Generally, the insurance company focuses on capsular contractures, ruptures, and pain. The process of getting approved can very difficult. Read more about insurance coverage here.

      Preparing for Surgery

      Prior to surgery, patients may be asked to:

      • Get lab testing or a medical evaluation
      • Take certain medications or adjust current medications
      • Get a baseline mammogram before surgery and another one after surgery to help detect any future changes in breast tissue
      • Stop smoking well in advance of breast explant surgery
      • Avoid taking aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs and herbal supplements as they can increase bleeding
      • Heat is not advised until after explant, especially if one is symptomatic. This may be in the form of Jacuzzi, sauna, infrared, tanning beds, and sun tanning.

      A shirt that buttons up from the front or a zip up hoodie is helpful to prepare, so you don’t have to lift your arms up. You might want to purchase post-operative compression bras or front-close sport bras.

      Patients will receive special instructions to cover what to do on the day of surgery, post-operative care and follow-up. Breast surgery may be performed in an accredited office-based surgical center, outpatient/ambulatory surgical center, or a hospital.

      Smokers are always at high risk for health troubles.Smokers are always at high risk for health troubles, but particularly so during and after surgery. Smokers face longer healing times, blood clots, wounds that break open, and greater risk of infection. For these reasons, FVPS requires that smoking cease one month before and one month after for some surgeries, which are adversely effected by the decrease in blood flow caused by nicotine. Read our comprehensive explanation of how smoking impacts healing.

      FVPS will notify patients if they are affected by this policy. At the pre-operative appointment which normally occurs two days before surgery, patients must take a cotinine test, which detects the presence of nicotine. Test results are immediately available with this quick blood test. If the test is positive, then surgery will be cancelled and the patient loses the 10% booking fee. If they cannot quit smoking, smokers should not schedule a surgery.


      Questions? Request a Consultation.Following breast implant removal surgery, the breasts will not look the same as they did before the original breast implant surgery. This is because the volume of the breast implants stretches the tissue and can result in a deflated look. Having a breast lift can raise the breasts by removing excess skin and tightening the surrounding tissue to reshape and support the new breast contour.

      While recovery from breast explant surgery varies from person to person, this surgery is usually smoother than the initial breast implant surgery. However, if there has been a breast lift after the breast implants have been removed, the breasts will feel tight and heavy for a few weeks.

      In the first few days anticipate heavy constipation and bloating from the anesthesia and pain killers used during and after surgery. Narcotics slow down the intestines, even as they wear off. Water retention from the IV’s is also common. Antibiotics can also contribute to bloating. A compression bra can help minimize swelling. Maximum swelling is at 2 days after surgery and should resolve within 14 days.

      Any breast revision surgery may require drains because fluid will be generated when operating on the scar capsule. Because there is a mechanism for the fluid to be removed with drains, the risk of getting a hematoma is lower. We prefer not to use drains unless absolutely needed.

      Person workingMost women are able to return to work in five days and report experiencing minimal discomfort after the surgery. If breast implants were removed with the capsule, there will be more discomfort and the recovery time will be longer. Avoid heavy lifting or exercising excessively for the first six weeks after surgery. It is usually safe to resume normal activity after six weeks. The breasts will take several months to settle into their new position. Breast implant removal scars typically heal very well and are often inconspicuous. While the scars will fade, they will never disappear entirely.

      At the 3 month follow up visit, patients will fill out a Breast Implant Illness Post Explantation Questionnaire to assess relief from symptoms of BII.

      Are you ready to discuss breast implant removal? Contact Fox Valley Plastic Surgery today at (920) 233-1540 to schedule a consultation.

      Real Patient Story

      Real Patient: AmandaRead about Amanda’s experience with her breast reconstruction and other real patient stories in the Real Patient Stories section of our website.  No one, especially someone in her 20’s, expects to get breast cancer.  When it happened to Amanda, she took control and made a full recovery.  She became an advocate for breast cancer awareness and educates women on the importance of mammograms.

      Potential Risks

      Patients will sign consent forms to ensure that they fully understand the procedure and any risks or potential complications. The risks of breast surgery include:

      • Unfavorable scarring
      • Infection
      • Changes in nipple or breast sensation, which may be temporary or permanent
      • Numbness of the lower breast area
      • Anesthesia risks
      • Bleeding (hematoma)
      • Blood clots
      • Poor wound healing
      • Breast contour and shape irregularities
      • Skin discoloration, permanent pigmentation changes, swelling and bruising
      • Damage to deeper structures – such as nerves, blood vessels, muscles, and lungs – can occur and may be temporary or permanent
      • Breast asymmetry
      • Fluid accumulation
      • Excessive firmness of the breast
      • Potential inability to breastfeed
      • Potential loss of skin/tissue of breast where incisions meet each other
      • Potential, partial or total loss of nipple and areola
      • Deep vein thrombosis, cardiac and pulmonary complications
      • Pain, which may persist
      • Allergies to tape, suture materials and glues, blood products, topical preparations or injectable agents
      • Fatty tissue deep in the skin could die (fat necrosis)
      • Possibility of revision


      StethoscopeAt the consultation, patients need to fill out paperwork including a Breast Implant Illness Consultation Questionnaire which helps the doctor access your situation. Without undergoing a personal consultation with a surgeon, and submitting a pre-authorization with the insurance company, it is not possible to determine if breast implant removal will be covered by insurance. Dr. David Janssen and Dr. William Doubek are highly experienced with breast explant surgery, and can help patients determine the best course of action. At the consultation, patients should be prepared to discuss:

      • Why they want the surgery, their expectations and desired outcome
      • Medical conditions, drug allergies and medical treatments
      • Use of current medications, vitamins, herbal supplements, alcohol, tobacco and drugs
      • Previous surgeries
      • The options available in breast implant removal
      • The likely outcomes of breast implant removal and any risks or potential complications

      The surgeon may also:

      • Evaluate the patient’s general health status and any pre-existing health conditions or risk factors
      • Examine the breasts, and take detailed measurements of their size and shape, skin quality, placement of the nipples and areolas
      • Take photographs for the medical record
      • Discuss the options and recommend a course of treatment
      • Discuss likely outcomes of the breast reduction procedure and any risks or potential complications
      • Discuss the use of anesthesia during the procedure for breast reduction

      Contact Fox Valley Plastic Surgery at (920) 233-1540 or request your consultation online. The decision to remove or replace implants is not always clear cut. We have helped patients from Green Bay, Sheboygan, Appleton, Neenah, Oshkosh, Fond du Lac, and West Bend determine the best course of action regarding Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma. Our board certified Wisconsin plastic surgeons are helping women from all over the upper Midwest to perfect their personal Renaissance. Request your consultation today.

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Oshkosh, WI (920) 233-1540

Oshkosh Location

Oshkosh Location
  • Fox Valley Plastic Surgery
  • 2400 Witzel Avenue, Suite A
  • Oshkosh, WI 54904
  • (920) 233-1540
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  • Monday: 8 a.m.–3:30 p.m.
  • Tuesday: 8 a.m.–5 p.m.
  • Wednesday: 8 a.m.–5 p.m.
  • Thursday: 8 a.m.–3:30 p.m.
  • Friday: 8 a.m.–12 p.m.

Appleton Location

Appleton Location
  • Fox Valley Plastic Surgery
  • 2500 East Capitol Drive #1500
  • Appleton, WI 54911
  • (920) 358-1810
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  • Monday–Thursday: 9 a.m.–4 p.m.
  • Friday: 8 a.m.–12 p.m.

Learn more about your rights and protections related to the No Surprises Act (HR133).

Wisconsin plastic surgeons Drs. David Janssen and William Doubek perform breast augmentation, breast lift, laser hair removal, vein treatment, face lift, tummy tuck (abdominoplasty) and liposuction. They serve Wisconsin communities including Oshkosh, Appleton, Milwaukee, Green Bay, Madison, Fond du Lac and Neenah.

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